When should the decision to terminate a pregnancy be taken? What conditions must be filled concerning the health of the mother and the foetus? How is the decision to terminate generally reached? Who makes the final decision: family or medical staff? What procedure is usually followed? Should there be legislation concerning such cases? What are the risks for individuals and society? This is a plea for a rational and responsible attitude toward pregnancy termination and a refusal to succumb to the pressure of eugenics. Jacques Milliez heads the gynecological and obstetrics service at the Hôpital Saint-Antoine, in Paris.