When we attempt to cure human suffering with a chemical pill, arent we denying the real issues that have given rise to depression? Must we resort to denying the psyche in order to come out of a depressive state? Isnt there another way? Pierre Fédida shows that the emergence of a depressive state can always be explained by the disappearance of the capacity to fight off depression : the goal of the psychotherapy of depressive states should be the recovery of this capacity in order to regain ones vital inner balance without the reliance on chemical solutions. Pierre Fédida is a psychoanalyst.